Broader Impacts

All NSF proposals must include a section within the Project Description that discusses the broader impacts of the proposed activities.  Many other agencies also require principal investigators to address how the proposed research will benefit the nation.  The following are examples of societally relevant outcomes that are valued by NSF and some other agencies.

  • Full participation of women, individuals with disabilities, and underrepresented minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)
  • Improved STEM education and educator development at any level
  • Increased public scientific literacy and public engagement with science and technology
  • Improved well-being of individuals in society
  • Development of a diverse, globally competitive STEM workforce
  • Increased partnerships between academia, industry, and others
  • Improved national security
  • Increased economic competitiveness of the United States
  • Enhanced infrastructure for research and education

For more suggestions on how to write the Broader Impact section, please read the documents: